Examination under UV light reveals scattered areas of overpainting along border, left hand of sitter and coattails, together with a repaired tear to the upper-right quadrant. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.See also: English school of painting. Self portrait, detail of a painting in the Painted Hall. Of the Greenwich Hospital, Greenwich, London. 4 May 1734 (aged 58).
Sketch for the Painted Ceiling of the Great Hall, Greenwich Hospital: William and Mary Presenting the Cap of Liberty to Europe, about 1710, Sir James Thornhill V&A Museum no. Sir James Thornhill (25 July 1675 or 1676 4 May 1734) was an English painter. Subjects working in the Italian baroque.
He was responsible for some large-scale schemes of murals, including the Painted Hall. At the Royal Hospital, Greenwich, the paintings on the inside of the dome of St Paul's Cathedral, and works at Chatsworth House and Wimpole Hall. Thornhill was born in Melcombe Regis. Dorset, the son of Walter Thornhill of Wareham. And Mary, eldest daughter of Colonel William Sydenham.In 1689 he was apprenticed to Thomas Highmore. (16601720), a specialist in non-figurative decorative painting. He also learned a great deal from Antonio Verrio. Two prominent foreign decorative painters then working in England.
He completed his apprenticeship in 1696 and, on 1 March 1704, became a Freeman of the Painter-Stainers' Company of London. Thornhill decorated palace interiors with large-scale compositions, with figures commonly shown in idealized and rhetorical postures.In 1707 he was given the commission to decorate the Hall now known as the Painted Hall. The scheme of allegorical wall and ceiling decorations of the hall depicts the Protestant. Succession of English monarchs from William III. On 28 June 1715 Thornhill was awarded the commission to decorate the dome of St Paul's Cathedral. By "a whig, low-church dominated committee inspired by a moral Anglican nationalism". The Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Tenison. The Weekly Packet said that the decision to award Thornhill the commission would "put to silence all the loud applauses hitherto given to foreign artists". The eight scenes in the dome (171619), executed in grisaille. Show episodes from the Life of St. Thornhill's vast murals in great houses often related to topical events, as seen through the eyes of his mainly Whig. At Chatsworth, during 1707-8 Thornhill painted a number of walls and ceilings, the most notable being the continuous wall and ceiling painting of the Sabine room, then a lobby, but since used as a bedroom. Here he painted The Rape of the Sabine Women. A vast panorama of mounted warriors carrying off the Sabine women to Rome.
He chooses to feature strongly Hersilia. Who was deified for her loyalty to her Roman husband, Romulus. As against her Sabine family - a deliberate reference to Mary.Lauded by the Whigs for supporting her Protestant husband, William. Against her Catholic father, James. Beneath an imposing view of both the Olympian Gods. And the story of Achilles which dominates the ceiling of the main staircase, Thornhill added a small portrait of Rev Henry Sacheverell. Propagandist put on trial for sedition by the Whig government in 1710, being cast to the Furies.
In 1716 Thornhill painted the ceiling of the Great Hall in Blenheim Palace. For John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough.
The subject is, inevitably, the Duke's 1704 victory at the Battle of Blenheim. During the War of the Spanish Succession.
His last major commission was to paint the chapel at Wimpole Hall. He started work on the preliminary sketches in 1713 and the work was finished by 1724. The north wall has fictive architecture and four Trompe-l'il.
"Statues" of the four Doctors of the Church. The east wall above the altar is painted with the Adoration of the Magi. In 1725 he offered to paint decorations for the ceiling of the New Council Chamber at the Guildhall in the City of London. He gave his services free, although he was rewarded with a valuable gold cup. The chamber was later demolished, though some of the paintings an Allegory of London , and representations of the Cardinal Virtues, personified as naked children survive.Portrait of Sir Isaac Newton. In old age by James Thornhill, 1709-12. Mary's Church, Weymouth, with a picture of the Last Supper. Thornhill was also a notable portraitist. In 1711, Thornhill was one of the twelve original directors of Sir Godfrey Kneller. S academy at Great Queen Street. In 1716, he succeeded Kneller as Governor there and held the post until 1720. He then established his own private drawing school at Covent Garden. In November 1724, Thornhill made a second, more successful, attempt to establish a new free academy in his private house at Covent Garden.
Seems to have been a member of Thornhill's second academy from the beginning. On 23 March 1729 he married Thornhill's daughter Jane.Thornhill was with Hogarth when he went to see Sarah Malcolm. In Newgate prison just days before her execution. This was in order that Hogarth might record her portrait.
In June 1718 George I made Thornhill court painter, and in March 1720 Serjeant Painter. Succeeding his former master Highmore in the latter role. On 2 May 1720, the king knighted him, the first native artist to be knighted. In the same year, he was master of the Painters' Company and in 1723 fellow of the Royal Society. From 1722 to 1734 Thornhill was Member of Parliament for Melcombe Regis.
In 1718 Thornhill took a large house on Covent Garden. Piazza, and in 1725 he renovated Thornhill House. In the south of Stalbridge. In 1720 he tried his hand at architecture. For which he also painted the entrance hall ceiling and other rooms.By the end of his life Thornhill was receiving no major commissions. So he began to copy the Raphael Cartoons. Apart from full-size copies, completed in 1731, he made 162 smaller studies of heads, hands and feet intending to publish them in printed form for the use of art students, but left this work unfinished at his death. The original small wash designs of details of the cartoons are now in the collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum. The item "LARGE ANTIQUE British School 17th, 18th Century Portrait Painting of a Nobleman" is in sale since Wednesday, January 24, 2018. This item is in the category "Art\Paintings". The seller is "antiqueblowout" and is located in North Chicago, Illinois. This item can be shipped to United States.